Otorhinolaryngology (also called otolaryngology) is the area of medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) region. The specialty is often treated as a unit with surgery of the head and neck (otolaryngology–head and neck surgery, or OHNS). Doctors who specialize in this area are called otorhinolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, ENT doctors, ENT surgeons, or head and neck surgeons. Patients seek treatment from an otorhinolaryngologist for diseases of the ear, nose, throat, or base of the skull, and for the surgical management of cancers and benign tumors of the head and neck.

The Seven Areas of Expertise

1.) Otology/Neurotology:
Medical and surgical treatment of diseases of the ear, including traumatic and cancerous disorders of the external, middle, and inner ear, as well as the nerve pathways which affect hearing and balance.

2.) Pediatric Otolaryngology:
Medical and surgical treatment of diseases of the ears, nose, and throat in children.

3.) Head and Neck Area:
Medical and surgical treatment of cancerous (and noncancerous) tumors in the head and neck, including thyroid and parathyroid surgery.

4.) Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery:
Treatment of cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive abnormalities of the face and neck.

5.) Rhinology:
Medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the nose and sinuses.

6.) Laryngology:
Medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the throat, including the voice.

7.) Allergy:
Medical treatment of inhalant allergies affecting the upper respiratory system.


Head and Neck Oncologic Surgery
*Surgical Oncology   *Reconstruction   *Endocrine Surgery   *Endoscopic Surgery

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
*Facial Cosmetic Surgery   *Maxillofacial   *Trauma

*Ear   *Hearing   *Balance

*Middle and Inner Ear   *Temporal Bone   *Skull Base   *Dizziness   *Cochlear Implant/BAHA

Rhinology and Sinus Surgery
*Sinusitis   *Allergy   *Anterior Skull Base   *Apnea and Snoring

Laryngology and Voice Disorderss
*Voice Disorders   *Phono-Surgery   *Swallowing Disorders

Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
*Velopalatine Insufficiency   *Cleft Lip and Palate   *Airway   *Vascular Malformations   *Cochlear Implant/BAHA

The Ear

The unique domain of the ear; nose and throat specialist is treatment of ear disorders. This includes medical and surgical treatment for hearing disorders, ear infections, balance disorders, facial nerve or cranial nerve disorders, as well as management of congenital (birth) and cancerous disorders of the outer and inner ear

The Nose

Care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of the ENT specialist. Management of disorders of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, allergies, sense of smell, and nasal respiration (breathing), as well as the external appearance of the nose are part of an. ENT's area of expertise.

The Throat

Also specific to the ENT specialty is expertise in managing diseases of the larynx (voice box) and the upper aerodigestive tract or esophagus including disorders of the voice respiration (breathing), and swallowing.

The Head and Neck

In the head and neck area, an ENT specialist is trained to treat infectious diseases, tumors (both benign and malignant/cancerous), facial trauma, and deformities of the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.

An ENT specialist may work with a team of doctors in other medical and surgical specialties. Common ground is shared with neurosurgery in treating skull base disorders; plastic surgery in correcting cosmetic and traumatic deformities; ophthalmology in treating structural abnormalities near the eye; oral surgery in treating jaw and dental trauma; allergy in managing sinus disease; dermatology in caring for skin cancers; oncology in managing head and neck cancers; and pediatrics and family practice in caring for common infectious, congenital, traumatic, and malignant (cancerous) diseases and disorders in the pediatric and general population.